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Ormerod, P. (2017). The genus name is derived from the Greek phalaino (moth), and opsis (appearance), referring to the moth-like flowers of some species. Root/stem rots. (2011). There are usually 3-5 broad dark green leaves, which are thick and leathery, measuring up to 50 cm long and 10 cm wide, and set in opposite rows., Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Family: Orchidaceae. All orchids are listed on Appendix I or II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), which makes it an offence to trade this species between countries without a permit. Scientific name: Phalaenopsis orchid; Common name: Butterfly orchid, garlic orchid, mouth orchid; Origin: Southeast Asia; Orchid type : Epiphyte; Flowering: Spring. Commonly called moth orchids, they are popular house plants that, with proper care, will flower repeatedly once per year (sometimes more often) with the flowers lasting for four months or … Message and data rates may apply. It was originally described (as Angraecum albus majus ) from the island of Amboina in Indonesia by the German-Dutch botanist Georg Eberhard Rumphius in 1750. & Beaman, J.H. It is officially recognised as one the national flowers of Indonesia. Although Phalaenopsis amabilis has yet to be evaluated according to recent IUCN Red List criteria, one of its subspecies, P. amabilis subsp. Thick fleshy roots arise from the basal (lower) part of the often pendulous stem. The genus name is derived from the Greek phalaino (moth), and opsis (appearance), referring to the moth-like flowers of some species. They are mostly epiphytic (grow on trunks and branches of trees without taking water or nourishment therefrom), but are sometimes lithophytic (grow on rocks taking nourishment from the atmosphere). 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Petals are rounded, narrow at the base, and up to 4.5 cm long. The botanical artist Marianne North depicted Phalaenopsis amabilis in her painting Malayan Moth Orchid and an American Climber , which can be seen in the Marianne North Gallery. At any rate, Phalaenopsis is no longer an orchid to challenge the master grower but is now an accepted orchid for the beginner. Phalaenopsis is often called “the butterfly orchid” because of its charming flowers of various shapes, sizes, patterns and colors that remind us of tropical butterflies. Place potted plants in a sink and allow water to flow freely through the potting medium and foliage. Phalaenopsis amabilis (L.) Blume Orchids (Orchidaceae) are the largest family of flowering plants, and there are over 50 species of Phalaenopsis alone. Published on the Internet at and Maluku, The leaves will tell you a lot about the overall health of the orchid. rosenstromii is classified Endangered in Queensland and is listed as such by the Queensland Government in the Nature Conservation (Wildlife) Regulation 2006. Scale, mealy bugs, slugs and snails may appear., © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. The flower stalk should be cut to a one-inch stub after the flowers have faded. New Guinea, In order to help prevent the onset of stem/root rots, plants should never stand in water, should never be watered at night and should never accumulate water on the crowns. Privacy Policy  Legal Info. Plants may be taken outside in summer under trees, but never placed in direct afternoon sun. Nature & Travel Books, Australia., Kew Species Profiles Fertilize on a regular schedule by application (after watering) of a balanced fertilizer at the rate of twice monthly at half strength or weekly at quarter strength.

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