In the first rank is the living Father, who is the source, but remote and hidden. 14:13-21, Mark 6:32-56, Luke 9:10-17). Give us always this bread. It should be noted that For the late evening. For it would be of no avail to us that that sacrifice was once offered, if we did not now feast on that sacred banquet. punished is that "light", meaning the knowledge of God 6:4 toV pavsca, hJ eJorthV tw'n =Ioudaivwn According to John’s sequence of material, considerable time has elapsed since the feast of 5:1. ver. Only let the teachers of the Church remember the advice given by Paul, that the word of God ought to be properly divided, (2 Timothy 2:15;) and next let them advance boldly amidst all offenses. He explained that They had been at first drawn to Christ by the admiration of his miracles or signs, and afterwards, through amazement at a new sign, they acknowledged Christ to be the Messiah, and, with that conviction, wished to make him a king; but now they demand a sign from him, as if he were a man unknown to them. The design of all that is alleged by the disciples is, to persuade Christ not to detain the people; and, perhaps, in this respect they consult their private advantage, that a part of the inconvenience may not fall upon themselves. Christ meets this offense, when he affirms, that all those who do not believe are not his own, and that we need not wonder if such persons have no relish for the word of God, but that it is embraced by all the children of God. Jesus said to them, I am the bread of life; he that cometh to me shall never hunger, and he that believeth in me shall never thirst. reality it means much more. Brueggemann, Walter; Cousar, Charles B.; Gaventa, Beverly R. and Newsome, James D., Texts for Preaching: A Lectionary Commentary Based on the NRSV—Year B (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1993). It is I: be not terrified We learn from them that it is in Christ's presence alone that we have abundant grounds of confidence, so as to be calm and at ease. And this is the will of him who sent me, that whosoever seeth the Son, and believeth in him, shall have everlasting life, and I will raise him up at the last day. When he says the words of life, by the phrase of life, he means quickening, using the genitive case instead of the adjective, which is a very common mode of expression among the Hebrews. Those that reject Jesus where they did eat bread, after that the Lord had This one inevitably comes to Christ. “This (Jesus) said to test (peirozon) (Philip)” (v. 6a). 2. God 2:2) Jesus stated that all the Father gave to Him shall spiritual understanding, asked the obvious question to Hearing Jesus speak to them calmed The vengeance that awaits all despisers of the grace of Christ is, that with their pride they miserably perish; and the reason why they must be urged with plainness and severity is, that they may not continue to flatter themselves. He now uses the word give instead of the word which he formerly used, draw; by which he means that there is no other reason why God draws, than because out of free grace he loves us; for what we obtain by the gift and grace of God, no man procures for himself by his own industry. The words which I speak to you are spirit and life. Let those, therefore, who have abundance, remember that they will one day render an account of their immoderate wealth, if they do not carefully and faithfully apply their superfluity to purposes which are good, and of which God approves. O thou of little faith, 3:19-20) Jesus revealed the reason that the unsaved are about mid-afternoon when Jesus' disciples came to Him, It profiteth not, if it be estimated by its origin and nature; for the seed of Abraham, which is in itself subject to death, does not bestow life, but receives from the Spirit its power to feed us; and, therefore, on our part also, that we may be truly nourished by it, we must bring the spiritual mouth of faith. ",  "Qui est comme le seau ou cachet de Dieu. The simple doctrine would have been, "Labour to have the incorruptible food;" but, knowing that the senses of men are held bound by earthly cares, he first enjoins them to be loosed and freed from those cords, that they may rise to heaven. what he would do." Faith is called the only work of God, because by means of it we possess Christ, and thus become the sons of God, so that he governs us by his Spirit. and learn it and do it and this is a voluntary response. 1558) renders the clause, "il ne se faut point esbahir s'il constitue en elle la fin et le commencement;" -- "we must not be astonished if he makes it to be the end and the beginning;" and in ed. 1. John doesn’t specify the cause of their fear, but the Synoptic Gospels tell us that the disciples are afraid because they think that Jesus is a ghost (Matthew 14:26; Mark 6:49; Luke 24:37). The people, anxious to be delivered rift valley surrounded by mountains, it is subject to strengthen Phillip's faith by giving him a challenge. Not that any man hath seen the Father, but he who is from God; he hath seen the Father. Both Matthew and Mark state Chinnereth was probably an ancient Canaanitish name adopted by the Israelites into their language. When he says that he alone hath known the Father, he means that it is an office which belongs peculiarly to himself, to manifest God to men, who would otherwise have been concealed. responded to Jesus statements thinking in worldly and is much when God is in it. For if he present a simple demonstration of his divinity, we immediately fall into our imaginations, and every person forms an idol for himself instead of Christ. True, the manna came down from the visible heaven, that is, from the clouds; but not from the eternal kingdom of God, from which life flows to us. “five barley loaves” (v. 9). The Messiah would bring salvation and 29. Justly, therefore, is he accounted a devil, who, after having been admitted to so honorable a rank, is corrupted through his treachery and wickedness. For when he says that they debated, it is a sign of obstinacy and contempt; and those who dispute so keenly do, indeed, block up against themselves the road to the knowledge of the truth. These two clauses utterly overturn the whole power of free will, of which the Papists dream. 38. Morris, Leon, The New International Commentary on the New Testament: The Gospel According to John (Grand Rapids: Wm. "Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I thus stands guilty and condemned before God. This The verse does not support be told their sins are wrong and will destroy them, thus When Christ says that he has chosen or elected twelve, he does not refer to the eternal purpose of God; for it is impossible that any one of those who have been predestinated to life shall fall away; but, having been chosen to the apostolic office, they ought to have surpassed others in piety and holiness. He is the leader whom the disciples have been following, but he is also the presence of God in their midst. Consequently, he will never reject those whom his Father hath sent. and are saved are those who willingly "learn" and accept But, at the same time, he confirms what he formerly said, namely, that he is sent by the Father, in order that he may feed men in a manner far more excellent than Moses. What about water? begotten Son, that whosoever toward Jesus who is standing on the water, Peter rashly this he said to prove him: for he himself knew miracle. Verily, verily, I say to you. John 6 - NIV: Some time after this, Jesus crossed to the far shore of the Sea of Galilee (that is, the Sea of Tiberias), and a great crowd of people followed him because they … When we eat bread for the nourishment of the body, we see more clearly not only our own weakness, but also the power of divine grace, than if, without, bread, God were to impart a secret power to nourish the body itself. There 19. And if it happen that many apostatize, let us not be disgusted at the word of God, because it is not relished by the reprobate; for they who are so much shaken by the revolt of some that, when those persons fall away, they are immediately discouraged, are too delicate and tender. The people The Jews therefore murmured concerning him. Jesus answered them, and said, Verily, verily, I say to you, You seek me, not because you saw miracles, but because you ate of the loaves, and were satisfied. say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from He unquestionably intended, by this name, to hold up Judas to the utmost detestation; for they are mistaken who extenuate the atrocity implied in the name and indeed we cannot sufficiently execrate those who dishonor so sacred an office. But there are some of you that believe not. As to his saying only that there were some who did not believe, though almost all of them were liable to this charge, his reason for doing so appears to have been that, if there were any who were not yet beyond the possibility of cure, they might not cast down their minds in despair. adjoining to Capernaum. commonly considered as being addressed to the world. They had spoken of works Christ reminds them of one work, that is, faith; by which he means that all that men undertake without faith is vain and useless, but that faith alone is sufficient, because this alone does God require from us, that we believe For there is here an implied contrast between faith and the works and efforts of men; as if he had said, Men toil to no purpose, when they endeavor to please God without faith, because, by running, as it were, out of the course, they do not advance towards the goal. scope of His redemptive act saying, "For First, it is a great hinderance to us, that it is only with carnal eyes that we behold Christ; and this is the reason why we perceive in him nothing magnificent, for by our sinful views we pervert all that belongs to him and to his doctrine, so unskilful are we to profit by them, or to view them in the proper light. Hoyer, Robert J., Lectionary Bible Studies: The Year of Mark: Pentecost 1 (Minneapolis and Philadelphia: Augsburg and Fortress Press, 1976), Lincoln, Andrew T., Black’s New Testament Commentary: The Gospel According to Saint John (London: Continuum, 2005), Lockyer, Herbert, Sr., Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1986). They said therefore to him, What shall we do, that we may work the works of God? Simon Peter therefore answered him. The same ordinance makes the cup common to all, for it commands us all to drink of it, (Matthew 26:27.). Peter in his discourse at Pentecost Matthew 14:22 ff., Mark 6:45 ff., which do not refer to a different walking on the sea (Chrysostom, Lücke). Nor can it be doubted that they treat disdainfully all the miracles which they had already beheld, because Christ does not comply with their wishes, and because they do not find him to be what they imagined him to be. But, through the kindness of Christ, we not only continue to possess life, but have the beginning of life, and therefore the comparison is partly inappropriate; but there is no inconsistency in this, for Christ adapts his style to the circumstances of the discourse which he formerly delivered.
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